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Matthew S. Shugart

Education

  • Ph.D., Political Science, University of California, Irvine, 1988
  • B.A., Political Science, University of California, Irvine, 1984

About

Matthew Shugart joined the Department of Political Science at UC Davis in January, 2013. His research centers on the ways that political institutions structure behavior, and how politics does (or does not) help societies solve problems, including climate change. Before joining UC Davis, he was at UC San Diego (from 1989), with appointments in both the Department of Political Science and the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. He is an affiliated professor of the University of Haifa. He has had visiting appointments in recent years at the Australian National University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He occasionally is invited to help other countries’ processes of building or improving democratic institutions and practices, including places as diverse as Albania, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Estonia, Fiji, and Israel. He is a two-time winner of the George Hallet Award, presented annually by the American Political Science Association, Section on Representation and Electoral Systems. The award is presented to the author of a book published at least 10 years previously that has made a lasting contribution to the literature on representation and electoral systems.

Research Focus

Professor Shugart’s research focuses on how the details of political institutions affect the quality of democratic governance. His primary research focus is in comparative political institutions. Among his publications are the following books: Seats and Votes (with Rein Taagepera, Yale, 1989); Presidents and Assemblies (with John Carey, Cambridge, 1992); Presidents, Parties, and Prime Ministers (with David Samuels, Cambridge 2010); and A Different Democracy (with Steven L. Taylor, Arend Lijphart, and Bernard Grofman, Yale, 2014). In 2015, he received a seed grant from the UC Davis Institute for Social Sciences titled, "Political Institutions, Climate Change, and Adaptation in the Agricultural Sector."

Selected Publications

  • Li, Y., & Shugart, M. S. (2016) The seat product model of the effective number of parties: A case for applied political science, Electoral Studies: 23-34.
  • André, A., Depauw, M.S., Shugart, M. S., & Chytilek, R. (2015) Party nomination strategies in flexible-list systems: Do preference votes matter? Party Politics, first published online October 19, 2015 as doi:10.1177/1354068815610974.
  • Taylor, S. L., M.S. Shugart, A. Lijphart,, & B. Grofman (2014) A Different Democracy: A Systematic Comparison of the American System with Thirty Other Democracies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Samuels, D. J., & M.S. Shugart (2014) Party capacity-building in third wave democracies: How regime type affects executive recruitment, Democratization; published online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2012.757695.

Teaching

Professor Shugart teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on political parties, electoral systems, policy-making processes, and the politics of climate change.

Awards

  • George Hallet Award, presented annually by the American Political Science Association, Section on Representation and Electoral Systems to the author of a book published at least 10 years previously that has made a lasting contribution to the literature on representation and electoral systems: 1999 for Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems (Yale University Press, 1989), coauthored with Rein Taagepera; 2014 for Presidents and Assemblies (Cambridge University Press, 1992), coauthored with John M. Carey.
  • “Collaborative Research: Electoral Systems and Party Personnel: The Consequences of Reform and Non-Reform,” NSF, 2008.